Friday, February 03, 2006

Avoiding fire afloat

Portable fire extinguishers
Avoiding fire afloat

Portable fire extinguishers provide an immediate response to a small
fire and help you and your crew escape to a safe place.
Keep extinguishers in easy to reach positions close to escape routes
and the fire risk points, e.g. the engine space and the galley.
Make sure all portable fire extinguishers carry certifying marks, such as
the ‘Kitemark’ (see BSS Guide section 6.1).
Follow the manufacturers’ instructions to keep extinguishers in good
working order and consider having them serviced annually. Keep
portable extinguishers out of direct sunlight otherwise plastic
components may deteriorate.
Read the suppliers instructions and make sure that you know how to
use the extinguishers.
Understand what types of fire your extinguishers can be used on.
Never use water extinguishers on electrical fires.
Never use carbon dioxide extinguishers inside an occupied cabin space.
Have a fire blanket conforming with BS EN 1869 or BS 6575 fixed near
to the cooker and immediately to hand to deal with pan fires.
When on board, make sure that all fire extinguishers are in their
correct places and not in storage.
This publication may be freely reproduced, except for advertising,
endorsement or commercial purposes. Please acknowledge the source as
Boat Safety Scheme.

Be safe
• Check that all appliances are turned off and if possible, close the valve
on the LPG cylinders before you go to bed or leave the boat.
• If you must use candles, place them upright, in suitable, stable holders;
out of draughts and away from curtains and furnishings. Never leave a
burning candle unattended. Make sure they are put out safely.
• Keep candles, matches, lighters and other sources of flame out of reach
of children. Use only safety matches, vibration can ignite other types.
• Make sure cigarettes are put out safely – use metal ashtrays. Avoid
falling asleep with a lit cigarette – never smoke in bed.
• Never leave a hot hob unattended especially when cooking with oil or fat.
• Don’t fit curtains or fabrics over hob burners and don’t dry tea towels
or clothes over a cooker or hob.
• Don’t over-bank solid fuel stoves overnight.
• Be careful when doing ‘hot work’ such as paint stripping, soldering, etc.
Maintenance for safety
• Practice ‘good housekeeping’ in order to reduce fire hazards. Regularly
remove rubbish, oil and debris from all areas, especially the bilge.
Discard oily waste responsibly.
• Create a safe store for goods such as diesel, coal, charcoal, wood, paint,
solvents, adhesives or paraffin and ensure container lids are tight.
• When making changes to your boat i.e. upholstery fabrics, soft furnishings,
foams, thermal insulation and galley surfaces, choose materials that offer
good fire retardant qualities – ask your supplier for assurances.

No comments:

Post a Comment